Perennials

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Echinacea or coneflower by birdbath

Perennials are plants that come up in the spring, go through their cycle of growing, blooming and dying down during the cold of winter, only to re-appear the following spring. Perennials are herbaceous plants (meaning they have no woody stems such as shrubs and trees) and some can be very long-lived. They provide beauty to the garden year after year, requiring little care compared to the beauty they produce.

Growing perennials may take a little patience, but the beauty they add to you garden is well worth the wait. Remember…Perennials sleep the first year, creep the second year and leap the third year. Just fill in with some annuals until it’s time for your perennials to “leap”.

There is such a wide variety of perennials and such a wide variety of conditions that they will grow in, meaning there are perennials for any garden, no matter the type of soil, climate or amount of moisture.

Following is a list of some of the most popular perennials. Since they can vary so much they will eventually be broken down into other categories, such as “Full Sun”,  “Full Shade”, “Cold Climate”, “Warm Climate”, “Spring Bloomer”, “Summer Bloomers”, “Fall Bloomer”, “Ground Covers”, “Short Growers”, “Tall Growers”, “Wet”, “Dry”, “Deer Resistant”, “Fragrant”, “Attract Bees, Hummingbirds and Butterflies”.

Popular Perennials

 

Achillea: (uh-KILL-ee-uh) Yarrow

Hardiness Zones: 3-9                                             Light:  full sun

Height x Width:  2-4′ tall                                         Water: well drained

Flower Color:  white,yellow,pink,red,salmon       Flowering Time:   Summer

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Yarrow and roses

Propagation:  Yarrow is typically propagated by spring or fall division, since plants grown from seed are not always ornamental.

Miscellaneous: Yarrows have showy, flattened flower heads composed of many tiny, tightly packed flowers.The foliage is ferny, green or gray and usually aromatic. Good for cut flowers.

Low maintenance, tolerate poor soil.

 

 

Actinidia: (Ak-teh-NID-ee-ah) – Kiwi Vine

Hardiness Zones: 5-8                          Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width: 25-40′ vine               Water: moderately moist – well drained

Flower Color:  white fragrant            Flowering Time:  summer

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Kiwi vine on north end of grape arbor

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:A beautiful, deciduous kiwi vine.  The tri-colored foliage of green, white and pink  appear after the plant is well established. The leaves are usually green until established.  It will cover a wall or an arbor really well.

 

 

 

 

 

Aegopodium: (ee-go-PO-dee-um) Bishop’s Weed

Hardiness Zones:  4-9                          Light:  Light to full shade

Height x Width:  1″ – 1 1/2″    

Flower Color: white/cream              

Bishop's Weed low in front of picket fence.

Propagation: Spring or fall division

Miscellaneous: It is a good plant to use where it won’t interfere with other plants and can be used as an effective ground cover.Bishop’s weed thrives under trees in partial to full shade. It can be invasive and will quickly overtake less vigorous plants. Remove flowers to prevent self-sowing.

 

 

 

 

Agastache: (a-gah-STAK-ee) Anise-hyssop

Hardiness Zones:  3                Light: full sun – partial shade

Height x Width:   3′                  Water:

Flower Color:  pink – purple   Flowering Time: summer – fall

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Agastache - Anyse-hyssop

Propagation: seed and division (it freely self-sows)

Miscellaneous: Foliage and blooms are very fragrant and are used for potpourri and tea. They make good cut flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

Ajuga: (uh-JU-ga) Bugleweed

Hardiness Zones:    3-9                      Light: Full to partial shade

Height x Width:     3-4″                      Water:

Flower Color:     blue                           Flowering Time:  spring

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Ajuga, Bugleweed

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: A hardy, fast grower that is deer resistant. Ajuga works good as a ground cover and in rock gardens.
part. For a rain garden.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alchemilla: (al-keh-MIL-uh) Lady’s Mantle

Hardiness Zones:    3-7                       Light:  Full to partial shade

Height x Width:     12″                                Water: Moist

Flower Color:   yellow                           Flowering Time:  Summer

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Lady's Mantle not in bloom

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Has attractive foliage

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allium: (AL-ee-um) Ornamental Onions

Hardiness Zones:   3-9                               Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:  1-3′ tall                           Water: average/well drained

Flower Color:     purple                               Flowering Time:  summer

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Allium

Propagation: seed – self sow freely

Miscellaneous: Blooms are made up of clusters of tiny blooms.  They are long lasting as cut flowers, usually lasting about 2 weeks. The leaves disappear after the flowers fade.

 

 

 

 

 

Amsonia: (am-sone-ee-ah) Blue Star

Hardiness Zones:   5-9                         Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   24″x24″                    Water:

Flower Color:   blue                               Flowering Time:  spring

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Amsonia, Blue Star

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: A vigorous plant whose leaves turn a bright yellow in the fall.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone: (ah-NEM-oh-nee) Windflower

Hardiness Zones:    5-9                              Light: sun to shade

Height x Width:  1-4′                                   Water: moderately moist – well drained

Flower Color:  white/pink                          Flowering Time:  late summer – fall

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Japanese Anemone and Limelight Hydrangea

Propagation: spring and fall division

Miscellaneous: Beautiful plants for summer and fall blooms. The foliage is very attractive. Vigorous grower once it is established.

 

 

 

Aquilegia: (ack-wi-LEE-gee-ah) Columbine

Hardiness Zones:  4-9                                     Light: Shade to partial shade

Height x Width:   12-24″ x 18″                        Water: well drained

Flower Color: white/yellow/purple/red   Flowering Time:  spring

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Columbine, Aquilegia

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Long lasting blooms on long stems.

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Columbine in second year


 

 

 

 

 

 

Armeria: (ar-Mare-ee-ah) Thrift

Hardiness Zones:   3-9                         Light:  full sun

Height x Width:     6-14″ tall         Water:  well drained

Flower Color: white – pink          Flowering Time:  spring/summer

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Thrift, Armeria

Propagation: seed or division

Miscellaneous: Do well in rock or wall gardens

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artemisia: (ar-teh-MEEZ-ee-ah) Wormwood

Hardiness Zones:   2-8                               Light:   Full sun / partial sun

Height x Width:  1-3′ x  1-3′                       Water: dry to medium – well drained

Flower Color:   N/A                                     Flowering Time: N/A

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Wormwood, Artemesia

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Foliage is fragrant and feathery, gray-green.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aruncus: (ah-RUN-kuss) Goat’s Beard

Hardiness Zones:    4-7                       Light:  Sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   1-4′ tall                  Water:  Moist

Flower Color: white/cream               Flowering Time:  Summer

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Goat's Beard - Aruncus

Propagation: seeds & division (does not divide easily because of stout roots) When dividing make sure to leave at least one eye (bud) per division.

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

Aster: (AS-ter)

Hardiness Zones:   2-7                               Light: full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   1-8′ tall                          Water:

Flower Color:  white/pink/lavender       Flower Time:  summer/fall

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Purple Aster

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

Asters grow in mounds and that are usually covered in daisy like blooms. The petals of the flower are thin and overlapping and come in colors ranging from white, pink, rose and red and blue, lavender and purple. All species grow from creeping rhizomes.

 

 

Astilbe: (ah-STILL-be)

Hardiness Zones:     3-9                        Light: full shade to partial sun

Height x Width:  2-4′ tall                       Water: consistently moist

Flower Color:                                        Flowering Time: spring/summer

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Astilbe

Propagation: spring and fall division

Miscellaneous: Like a rich soil and organic fertilizer in the spring.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aubrieta: (aw-bree-EH-tah) Rock Cress

Hardiness Zones: 3-7                                       Light: Sun to partial shade

Height x Width:  6-10″                                   Water: well drained

Flower Color:   white/pink/ Purple              Flowering Time: spring/early summer

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Rock Cress - Aubrieta

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Very popular in rock gardens. It grows in a low cushion, with evergreen leaves that are gray-green. The plant will be completely smothered by flowers in the spring and early summer. To encourage thicker growing habit, trim back lightly immediately after blooming.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baptisia: (bap-TEEZ-ee-ah) False Indigo

Hardiness Zones:    3-8                              Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  2-4′                                  Water: average to moist

Flower Color:  white/blue/purple            Flowering Time: early summer

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False Indigo

Propagation: Division in fall or spring. Hard to transplant.

Miscellaneous: Easy to grow plants with shrub-like shape. They will grow slowly until established but will eventually form clumps. Do not like to be transplanted. They have attractive foliage and black seed pods that add interest.

 

 

 

 

Baby’s Breathsee Gypsophila

Basket of Goldsee Aurinia

Beardtongue see Penstemon

Hardiness Zones:   4-8                               Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:    1-5′                                 Water: average to dry

Flower Color:   white/pink /red               Flowering Time: summer

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Penstemon

Propagation:   division

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bear’s Breechessee Acanthus

Bee Balmsee Monarda

Bergamotsee Monarda

Begonia: (bih-Goan-yah)

Hardiness Zones:   6-10                                    Light: Partial sun

Height x Width:   2′ x 2′                                     Water: Average/well drained

Flower Color: white,pink,red/lavender         Flowering Time: summer

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Begonia

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Betonysee Stachys

Bishop’s Weedsee Aegopodium

Black-Eyed Susansee Rudbeckia

Blazing Starsee Liatris

Bleeding Heartsee Dicentra

Bluebellssee Mertensia

Blue Starsee Amsonia

Boltonia: (bowl-TOW-nee-ah) – Star Flower

Hardiness Zones: 3-8                                 Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:   3-6′                                  Water: average to moist/well drained

Flower Color:   white/pink                                     Flowering Time: summer

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Star Flower - Boltonia

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bugleweedsee Ajuga

Buglosssee Anchusa

Candytuftsee Iberis

Catmintsee Nepeta

 

Centranthus: (sen-TRAN-thus) Jupiter’s Beard

Hardiness Zones:    6-8                      Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:      3′ x 2′                  Water: moderate, tolerates drought

Flower Color: white, red, pink, lavender    Flowering Time: Summer/Fall

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Centranthus - Jupiter's Beard

Propagation: By division or seed

Miscellaneous: Can become invasive. Keep divided.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ceratostigma: (sir-o-STIG-mah) Plumbago

Hardiness Zones:     5-9                             Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   8-12 ”                                 Water: average to moist/well drained

Flower Color:   blue                                     Flowering Time: Late summer/fall

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Plumbago

Propagation: spring divisions / seeds – may self-sow

Miscellaneous: This is a spreading ground cover with dark green leaves that turn reddish after frost. Like many ground covers, it can be invasive.

 

 

 

 

 

Chameleonsee Houttuynia

Chelone: (chee-LO-nee) Turtlehead

Hardiness Zones: 3-9 (by species)        Light: partial sun to light shade

Height x Width:    2-3′                             Water: moist

Flower Color:   pink                                 Flowering Time: late summer/fall

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Turtle Head - Chelone

Propagation: spring division

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Christmas Rosesee Helleborus

Chrysanthemum: (kris-AN-thuh-mum) Mums, Feverfew

Hardiness Zones:   3-9                                              Light:  Full sun

Height x Width:  36″ x 48″                                       Water: average/ well drained

Flower Color: white/yellow/pink/lavender/burgundy  Flowering Time: summer/fall

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Mid-growing plants - Mums and Wormwood (Artemesia) by picket fence

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Has a dense growth habit that is covered in daisy-like flowers. It doesn’t need dead-heading or pinching. Feverfew has a loose growth habit and mixes well with other blooming plants.

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Feverfew and roses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cinquefoilsee Potentilla

Clematis: (klem-AT-is) –

Hardiness Zones:   3-9                                       Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:  vine – 2-6′                              Water: average/moist – well drained

Flower Color:  white/blue/purple/pink       Flowering Time: spring/summer/fall

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Clematis

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Needs something to grow on, such as a trellis, post, arbor or a sturdy shrub. Some are pruned to the ground in early spring and some are left to bloom on old wood, depending on species.

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Clematis climbing post on deck.

 

 

 

 

 

Columbinesee Aquilegia

Convallaria: (con-val-AIR-ee-uh) Lily-of-the-Valley

Hardiness Zones:  2-8                                 Light: Full to partial shade

Height x Width:  6-10″ x 6-12″                   Water: Moist/well-drained

Flower Color:     white                                  Flowering Time: Spring

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Lily of the Valley

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Flowers are very fragrant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coral Bellssee Heuchera

Coreopsis: (core-ee-OP-sis) – Tickseed

Hardiness Zones:  3-9                                Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   1-3′ tall                           Water: average – well drained

Flower Color:  Yellow/pink                        Flowering Time:  Summer

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Coreopsis - Moonbeam

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Deadheading will encourage re-blooming and prevent self-sowing. Coreopsis can be invasive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cornflowersee Centaurea

Cowslipssee Mertensia

Cranesbillsee Geranium

Crocus: (CROW-kus) –

Hardiness Zones:                                      Light: sun to partial shade

Height x Width: 4-6″                                Water: average – well drained

Flower Color:  white/yellow/purple       Flowering Time: early spring

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Crocus

Propagation: bulbs

Miscellaneous:  Usually the first to bloom in the spring

 

 

 

 

 

 

Daffodilsee Narcissus

Dame’s Rocketsee Hesperis

Daylilysee Hemerocallis

Dead Nettlesee Lamium

Delphinium: (del-FIN-ee-um) –

Hardiness Zones:  2-9                                    Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   1-6′ tall                             Water: average/moist – well-drained

Flower Color: white/yellow/red/blue        Flowering Time:

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Delphinium

Propagation:  Seed / spring division

Miscellaneous: Short lived perennial. Needs to be staked to prevent blossom stalks from being blown over.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dianthus: (die-AN-thus) Pinks

Hardiness Zones:    4-8                              Light:  Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:    6-12″                             Water: average to dry – drought tolerant

Flower Color: white/pink/red                  Flowering Time:  Summer

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Dianthus - Pinks

Propagation:  Division or stem cuttings. Some species will grow from seed.

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dicentra: (die-SEN-trah) Bleeding Heart

Hardiness Zones:    3-8                              Light:  Full to partial shade

Height x Width:   8-18″ tall                        Water:  Average / well drained

Flower Color:                                                Flowering Time:  Spring/summer

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Bleeding Heart

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Go dormant in summer after blooming

 

 

 

 

 

 

Digitalis: (dij-uh-TAL-is) Foxglove

Hardiness Zones:  4-9                                          Light: Partial shade

Height x Width:  3-5′  x   2′                                  Water: Moist / well drained

Flower Color: white/yellow/pink/purple         Flowering Time: spring/sumer

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Foxglove

Propagation: seed – self sows freely

Miscellaneous: Very tall flower spikes may need staking.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Echinacea: (eck-in-AY-see-ah) Purple Coneflower

Hardiness Zones:     3-9                               Light:  Full sun

Height x Width:   2-3′  x  2′                          Water: Average – well drained

Flower Color:   pink/purple                        Flowering Time: Summer

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Echinacea or coneflower by birdbath

Propagation: seed – self sows freely

Miscellaneous: Birds like the seeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eupatorium: (you-puh-TORE-ee-um) Joe-Pye Weed

Hardiness Zones:   4-8                          Light:  Full sun

Height x Width:   4-6′ tall                     Water: average/well drained

Flower Color:                                        Flowering Time: summer

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Joe Pye Weed - Eupatorium

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

False Indigosee Baptisia

Feverfew – see Chrysanthimum

Foamflower see Tiarella

Foamy Bells see Heucherella

Foxglovesee Digitalis

Galium: (GAL-ee-um) Sweet Woodruff

Hardiness Zones:    4-8                             Light: Light sun to full shade

Height x Width:      6-12″                          Water:  average to moist

Flower Color:  white                                  Flowering Time:  spring

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Sweet Woodruff and Forget-Me-Nots in bloom

Propagation:   division

Miscellaneous:  Ground cover with attractive foliage. Can be invasive.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Gayfeathersee Liatris

Geranium: (jer-AIN-ee-um) Cranesbill, Hardy Geranium

Hardiness Zones:   3-8                                    Light: Full sun/partial shade

Height x Width:   6-18″                                   Water:  Average to dry

Flower Color:  blue/pink/lavender              Flowering Time:   Summer

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Hardy Geranium - Cranesbill

Propagation: division

Miscellaneous: Can be cut back after flowering

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goat’s Beardsee Aruncus

Goldenrodsee Solidago

Gypsophila: (jipp-SOFF-ill-ah) Baby’s Breath

Hardiness Zones:    3-9                        Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:   1-4′                                  Water: average to dry

Flower Color:   white                                     Flowering Time: summer

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Baby's Breath - Gypsophila

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: These plants do not like to be moved once established. May self sow. Are at home in a cottage garden.

 

 

 

 

 

Hardy Geraniumsee Geranium

 

Helleborus: (hell-uh-BORE-us) Lenten Rose, Christmas Rose

Hardiness Zones:    5-9                              Light: Full to partial shade

Height x Width:   14″ x 24″                       Water:

Flower Color:  white/green/pink             Flowering Time: Spring

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Lenten Rose - Helleborus

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hemerocallis: (hem-er-oh-CAL-is) Daylily

Hardiness Zones:    3-9                Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width: 4′ x  2-3′        Water: average – well drained -drought tolerant

Flower Color:  yellow,pink,orange/purple     Flowering Time:    Spring/Summer

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Daylily

Propagation: Division

Miscellaneous: Low maintenance, spreading

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hesperis: (HESS-per-is) Dame’s Rocket

Hardiness Zones:   2                            Light: sun to partial shade

Height x Width:  2-3′ tall                    Water:

Flower Color: white or purple

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Dame's Rocket,Hesperis

Propagation: seeds, self sows

Miscellaneous: Lance shaped leaves, flowers on tall erect stems. Good as cut flowers.

Blossoms fragrant at night.

 

 

 

 

Heuchera: (HUE-ker-ah) Coral Bells

Hardiness Zones: 4-9                            Light:  Light sun to partial shade

Height x Width:     8-24″ tall               Water: average to dry

Flower Color: white/pink                     Flowering Time: spring/summer

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Heuchera, green and purple

Propagation: division

Miscellaneous:  Foliage is very attractive and can be green, purple or bronze or yellow. The blossoms are airy and delicate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heucherella: (hue-ker-EL-ah) Foamy Bells

Hardiness Zones:    3-7                         Light: Part sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   12-24″ tall               Water:  Average to slightly dry

Flower Color:   pink/red                    Flowering Time: late spring/early summer

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Foamy Bells, Heucherella

Propagation: Division

Miscellaneous: Foliage very attractive in yellow, greens and purple.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hibiscus: (hy-BISS-kus)  Rose Mallow

Hardiness Zones:    4-9                                                Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  4-10′ tall                                           Water:  Average to moist

Flower Color: white,pink,yellow,red,purple            Flowering Time: summer

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Mallow, Rose of Sharon

Propagation:  stem cuttings

Miscellaneous: Can be grown as shrub or small tree. Loved by bees and butterfliesl

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hosta: (HOSS-tah) Plantain Lily

Hardiness Zones: 3-9                                               Light: Partial sun to full shade

Height x Width: 8-36″ tall by species                   Water: average to moist

Flower Color: white/lavender                                Flowering Time: Summer

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Hosta bed with 6 varieties of Hostas

Propagation: division

Miscellaneous: Grown mainly for the foliage which can be all shades of green, yellow to blue. Great plant for shade.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iberis: (eye-BEER-iss) Candytuft

Hardiness Zones:   3-9                         Light:  Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   8-12″ tall                 Water: average – drought tolerant

Flower Color:  white                              Flowering Time:  spring

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Candy Tuft - Iberis

Propagation:  division or stem cuttings

Miscellaneous: Can be sheared back after blooming to keep more compact.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iris: (EYE-ris)

Hardiness Zones:   3-9                                                 Light:  Full sun to part shade

Height x Width:   2-4′ by species                               Water:  moderate to dry

Flower Color: white,yellow,purple,pink,bronze     Flowering Time: spring

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Iris - first year

Propagation: by division in summer or fall

Miscellaneous: Attractive strappy foliage should be left after blooming to feed the roots.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Japanese Anemonesee Anemone

Joe-Pye Weedsee Eupatorium

Jupiter’s Beardsee Centranthus

Kniphofia: (nee-FOFE-ee-ah) Torch Lily, Red-Hot Poker

Hardiness Zones:  5-10                                    Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:   3-5′ tall                                Water:  average to dry

Flower Color: yellow/orange/pink                Flowering Time: summer

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Red Hot Poker - Kniphofia

Propagation: spring division

Miscellaneous: Remove spent flower stalks but leave foliage for winter protection.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lady’s Mantle see Alchemilla

Lamb’s Earsee Stachys

Lamium: (LAY-me-um) Dead Nettle

Hardiness Zones:     3-8                             Light: Full to partial shade

Height x Width:   6-12″ x 12-18″              Water:  Average – drought tolerant

Flower Color:  white/pink/lavender        Flowering Time: spring/summer/fall

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Lamium - Dead Nettle

Propagation: by spring or fall division

Miscellaneous: Great plant for front of border. Blooms almost continuously spring through fall. Very easy plant to grow and will easily divide and transplant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LavenderSee Lavandula

Lavender Cottonsee Santolina

Lavandula: (lav-AN-djew-lah) Lavender

Hardiness Zones:    5-9                       Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:   2-3′ tall                  Water: average – drought tolerant

Flower Color:  lavender/pink/purple         Flowering Time: summer

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Lavender

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:  Leaves and blossoms are aromatic and widely used in potpourri.

Do not cut back to the ground in the fall. Only remove winter damage in the spring.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lenten Rosesee Helleborus

Liatris: (lee-AT-riss) Gayfeather, Blazing Star

Hardiness Zones:  4-9                                     Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:    12-18″ tall                         Water: average/ well drained

Flower Color:  pink,lavender,purple           Flowering Time:  summer

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Liatris - Gay Feather - Blazing Star

Propagation: division

Miscellaneous: Low maintenance, great as cut flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lilium: (LILL-ee-um) Lily

Hardiness Zones:    3-9                              Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  2-4′ tall                           Water:   average / well drained

Flower Color:  mixed                                  Flowering Time:  summer

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Lily

Propagation:  division

Miscellaneous: Flowers are fragrant and are good as cut flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lilysee Lilium

Lily-of-the-Valleysee Convallaria

Lilyturfsee Liriope

 

Liriope: (lih-RYE-oh-pea) Lilyturf

Hardiness Zones:   4-9                             Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   12-18″ tall                  Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:    lavender/purple          Flowering Time: summer

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Liriope in bloom

Propagation:  division

Miscellaneous: Liriope works great as a border plant, dividing lawn from flower beds.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loosestrifesee Lysimachia and Lythrum

Lungwort see Pulmonaria

Lupinus: (lew-PIE-nus) Lupine

Hardiness Zones:    3-9                              Light:  Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   2-3′ tall                          Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:  mixed                                Flowering Time:  summer

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Lupine

Propagation:  division

Miscellaneous:  Attractive foliage, spectacular blooms.

Remove spent flower spikes to prevent plant energy going to make seeds.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lupinesee Lupinus

 

Lysimachia: (lie-sih-MAH-kee-uh) Loosestrife

Hardiness Zones:     4-8                             Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:    2-4′ tall                         Water: average / well drained

Flower Color:   white                                  Flowering Time:  summer

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Loosestrife and roses by garden gate

Propagation: by division

Miscellaneous: Blooms look like goose heads. Can be invasive, control by division.

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Gooseneck Loosestrife

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malva: (MAL-vah) Mallow – (see Hybiscus)

Hardiness Zones:   5-9                                          Light:  Sun to partial shade

Height x Width:   4-8′ tall                                    Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color: white,pink,lavender,purple      Flowering Time:  summer/fall

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Mallow, Rose of Sharon

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: In hibiscus family, beautiful tropical blooms. Can be grown as shrub or pruned to grow as small tree with 1-3 trunks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mallow see Malva

Meadow Ruesee Thalictrum

 

Monarda: (mow-NAR-dah) Bee Balm, Bergamot

Hardiness Zones:  4-8                                          Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:                                                    Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color: pink, red, lavender, purple       Flowering Time:  summer

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Bee Balm - Monarda

Propagation:  seed

Miscellaneous: Loved by bees and butterflies.

Lower leaves prone to milldew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monkshoodsee Aconitum

Mulleinsee Verbascum

Narcissus: (nar-SIS-us) Daffodil

Hardiness Zones:    3-9                               Light:  Full Sun to partial shade

Height x Width:    1-2′ tall                          Water: average / well drained

Flower Color:  white, yellow, peach         Flowering Time: spring

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Daffodils - Narcissus

Propagation:   division

Miscellaneous: Bulbs must be planted in fall for spring blooms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nepeta: (NEP-uh-tah) Catmint

Hardiness Zones:   4-8                               Light:  Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:  1-4′ tall                          Water: average/well drained

Flower Color:   lavender/blue               Flowering Time:  summer

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Catmint - Nepeta

Propagation: division

Miscellaneous: In the mint family, easy to grow, low maintenance.

 

 

 

 

 

Obedient Plantsee Physostegia

Ornamental Onionssee Allium

Oxeyesee Heliopsis

Paeonia: (pay-OHN-ee-ah) Peony

Hardiness Zones:          2-9                                      Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:      3′ tall                                        Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color: white,yellow,pink,red,purple       Flowering Time:  spring

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Peony

Propagation: division

Miscellaneous: Good as cut flowers. When dividing, make sure there is an eye (bud) on each division.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Papaver: (pa-PAH-ver) Poppy

Hardiness Zones:    2-8                                      Light:  Full sun

Height x Width:    2-3′ tall                                 Water: average / well drained

Flower Color:  white/pink,red/orange          Flowering Time: spring

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Poppy, Oriental Poppy

Propagation: division

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

Penstemon: (PEN-steh-mon) Beardtongue

Hardiness Zones:   4-8                               Light: Full sun to partial shade

Height x Width:    1-5′                                 Water: average to dry

Flower Color:   white/pink /red               Flowering Time: summer

Propagation: division

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Penstemon

 

 

Peonysee Paeonia

Periwinklesee Vinca

Perovskia: (per-OFF-skee-ah) Russian Sage

Hardiness Zones:  3-9                               Light: Full sun

Height x Width:     2-4′ tall                       Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:   blue/ lavender                 Flowering Time:  summer

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Russian Sage - Perovskia

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phlox: (FLOX) –

Hardiness Zones:   4-8                                         Light:  Sun to partial sun

Height x Width:   1-4′ tall                                    Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color: white,pink,purple,orange        Flowering Time: Summer

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Phlox and butterfly

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: A favorite of bees and butterflies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Physostegia: (fie-so-STEE-gee-ah) Obedient Plant

Hardiness Zones:  4-8                                       Light: Full  to partial sun

Height x Width:  1-2′ tall                                   Water: average / well drained

Flower Color: pink,lavender                            Flowering Time: summer/fall

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Obedient Plant

Propagation:  division

Miscellaneous: Blossoms can be moved around stem and will stay where moved. Thus called “Obedient” plant. Can be invasive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pincushion Flowersee Scabiosa

Pinkssee Dianthus

Plantain Lilysee Hosta

Plumbagosee Ceratostigma

 

Poppy see Papaver

Potentilla: (poh-ten-TILL-ah) Cinquefoil

Hardiness Zones:  5-9                           Light:  Full sun

Height x Width:   18″ x  18″                  Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color: yellow,white,red          Flowering Time:  spring/summer

Propagation: division

Miscellaneous:  deer resistant

 

 

Primrose see Primula

Primula: (PRIM-you-lah) Primrose

Hardiness Zones:   5-8                               Light: Partial shade

Height x Width:     12″                                Water:  Moist

Flower Color:    mixed                                Flowering Time: spring/early summer

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Primrose

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 Prunella: (pruh NELL ah)

Hardiness Zones:   4 – 9                          Light: Partial sun to shade

Height x Width: 8″ x 14″                        Water: Average / well drained

Flower Color: purple                               Flowering Time: summer/fall

Miscellaneous: Tough plant that makes a good ground cover. Blooms almost continually through summer. Can be a little invasive in the right conditions.

Pulmonaria: (pull-muhn-AIR-ee-ah) Lungwort

Hardiness Zones:      2 – 8                            Light: Full sun to full shade

Height x Width:  6-12″  x   1-2′                Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color: white,pink,blue                Flowering Time: spring /summer

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Lungwort - Pulmonaria

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Attractive foliage all season.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purple Coneflowersee Echinacea

Red-Hot Pokersee Kniphofia

Rock Cresssee Aubrieta

Rose Mallowsee Hibiscus

Rudbeckia: (rude-BECK-ee-ah) Black-Eyed Susan

Hardiness Zones:     3-11                             Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  2-10′  x    1-3′                  Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:   yellow                                  Flowering Time:  summer/fall

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Black Eyed Susans - Rudbeckia

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Good cut flower, easy to grow. Deer resistant.

Loved by bees and butterflies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Russian Sagesee Perovskia

Sagesee Salvia

Salvia: (SAL-vee-ah) Sage

Hardiness Zones:      3-10                     Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:   1-8′ tall                     Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:   purple, red                   Flowering Time: Summer

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Salvia and bee

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Easy to grow. Loved by hummingbirds and butterflies. Deer resistant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Santolina: (san-toe-LEE-nah) Lavender Cotton

Hardiness Zones:      6-11                     Light:  Full sun

Height x Width: 1-2′  x  1-3′                  Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color: small yellow/NA           Flowering Time:  summer

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Santolina in flower beds.

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Foliage is main attraction. Small yellow blooms can be sheared of if you prefer.

Aromatic plant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saponaria: (sap-oh-NAH-ree-uh) Soapwort

Hardiness Zones:     3-9                        Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  3-24″  x  6-30″         Water:  average

Flower Color:                                        Flowering Time: summer

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Soapwort - Saponaria

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. easy to grow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scabiosa: (scab-ee-OH-sah) Pincushion Flower

Hardiness Zones:   3-11                                                Light: Full sun

Height x Width: 10-36″ by species                             Water: Well drained

Flower Color: white/pink/lavender/purple                 Flowering Time: summer

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Pincushion Flower - Scabiosa

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:  Easy to grow, deer resistant. Great for cottage gardens. Loved by hummingbirds   and butterflies.

 

 

 

 Sedum: (See-dum) Stonecrop

Hardiness Zones:  3-10                                Light:  Sun to partial sun

Height x Width:   3-24″                                  Water:  Average / well drained

Flower Color:   pink, red                                     Flowering Time: summer / fall

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Bees on the sedum Autumn Joy in August

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:  Easy to grow, attracts birds, hummingbirds, butterflies. Deer resistant. Good as cut flowers and for drying.

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same Autumn Joy sedum in Nov.

 

 

 

Sneezeweedsee Helenium

Soapwortsee Saponaria

Solidago: (sole-ih-DAY-go) Goldenrod

Hardiness Zones:   4-9                          Light:  Full sun to full shade

Height x Width:    1-6′ tall                   Water:  average

Flower Color:   golden yellow             Flowering Time: summer/fall

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Goldenrod

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:  Good for cut flowers, attracts butterflies, deer resistant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solomon’s Plume see Smilacina

Speedwellsee Veronica

Spiderwort see Tradescantia

Spurgesee Euphorbia

 

 

Stachys: (STAY-kiss) Lamb’s Ear, Betony

Hardiness Zones:    4-9                        Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  6-18″  x  12-48″       Water: average

Flower Color:   N/A                                     Flowering Time: N/A

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Lamb's Ear - Stachys

Propagation:  division

Miscellaneous:  Good choice for ground cover. Has soft, silvery leaves, very easy to grow. It does bloom but blooms are unattractive and removing the bloom stalk enhances the plant and makes it more vigorous. If allowed to bloom the plant dies back a bit and has to rejuvenate.

 

 

 

 

 


Stonecropsee Sedum

Sunflower see Helianthus

Sweet Woodruffsee Galium

Tansy see Tanacetum

 

 

Tanacetum: (tan-uh-SEE-tum) Tansy

Hardiness Zones:                                  Light: Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  2-3′ tall                    Water:  average

Flower Color:      yellow                        Flowering Time:  Summer/ fall

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Tansy - Tanacetum

Propagation: division or root cuttings

Miscellaneous: Foliage is attractive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thalictrum: (thah-LICK-trum) Meadow Rue

Hardiness Zones:     3-9                                     Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  1-8′  x  1-2′                            Water:  average

Flower Color: white/yellow/lavender            Flowering Time:

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Meadow Rue - Thalictrum

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Attractive foliage, good for cut flowers, deer resistant. Easy to grow.

 

 

 

 

 

Thriftsee Armeria

Tiarella: (tee-uh-REL-ah) Foamflower

Hardiness Zones:    3-9                              Light: Full to partial shade

Height x Width:       4-24″ tall                   Water:  average

Flower Color:     white/pink                       Flowering Time:

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Foamflower - Tiarella

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Attractive foliage, good as cut flowers, easy to grow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Toad Lilysee Tricyrtis

Torch Lilysee Kniphofia

Tradescantia: (trad-es-KANT-ee-ah) Spiderwort

Hardiness Zones:       4-11                           Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:       6-36″ tall                    Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color: white/pink/purple            Flowering Time: spring/summer

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Spiderwort and Hostas

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tricyrtis: (try-SER-tis) Toad Lily

Hardiness Zones:     4-9                                     Light:  Full to partial shade

Height x Width:   1-3′                                        Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:  white/lavender/yellow          Flowering Time:  late summer/fall

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Toad Lily - Tricyrtis

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Good for cut flowers, easy to grow, deer resistant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trillium: (TRIL-ee-um)

Hardiness Zones:    4-9                             Light:  Full to partial shade

Height x Width:   5-24″                             Water:  moist

Flower Color:  white,yellow,pink            Flowering Time:   spring

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Trillium

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:  attractive foliage

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tulipsee Tulipa

Tulipa: (TEW-lih-pah) Tulip

Hardiness Zones:  3-8                                Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  8-30″ tall                       Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:   mixed                                Flowering Time: Spring

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Tulips growing in the spring garden

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:  Good for cut flowers. Let foliage die down completely after blooming, to feed bulbs for next year. Deer love them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turtleheadsee Chelone

Verbascum: (ver-BASS-kum) Mullein

Hardiness Zones:     3-10                                              Light:  Full sun

Height x Width:   1-6′ tall                                             Water:  average

Flower Color:  white/pink/purple/yellow               Flowering Time:  summer

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Mullein - Verbascum

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Good for cut flowers, easy to grow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Verbena: (ver-BEAN-ah)

Hardiness Zones:     7-9                             Light:  full sun

Height x Width:   9-18″                             Water:  average /well drained

Flower Color:    mixed                                    Flowering Time: spring/summer/fall

Verbena

 

 

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Good in hanging baskets, trailing.

 

 

 

Veronica: (ver-ON-ih-kah) Speedwell

Hardiness Zones:    3-11                              Light:  Full to partial sun

Height x Width:  4-48″ tall                          Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:  white/pink/violet               Flowering Time:  summer

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Veronica Speedwell

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Bees and butterflies like it. Deer resistant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vinca: (VINK-ah) Periwinkle

Hardiness Zones:   4-9                                          Light: Full sun to full shade

Height x Width:   4-18″ tall                                  Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:  white,purple,blue,lavender       Flowering Time: Spring-Fall

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Vinca - Perewinkle

Propagation:

Miscellaneous: Attractive foliage, easy to grow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Violetsee Viola

Viola: (vy-OH-lah) Violet

Hardiness Zones:  2-11                                Light: Sun to Shade

Height x Width:   1-12″                               Water:  average / well drained

Flower Color:   mixed                                 Flowering Time:  Spring and fall

Violets - Viola

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Windflowersee  Anemone

Wormwoodsee Artemisia

Yarrow see Achillea

Yucca: (YUK-ah) –

Hardiness Zones: 4-11                                 Light:  Full sun

Height x Width:   2-4′ tall                           Water: average

Flower Color:   white                                  Flowering Time: Summer

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Yucca

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Hardiness Zones:                                  Light:

Height x Width:                                     Water:

Flower Color:                                        Flowering Time:

Propagation:

Miscellaneous:



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